English PDF (41KB) | En español PDF (155KB) The following guidance provides parents with general information about the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). Private and parochial schools at the elementary and secondary levels generally do not receive such funding and are, therefore, not subject to FERPA.
However, the emergence of non-profit organizations and private companies to assist individuals with their sealed records has been effective in helping people who want to connect with biological relatives to do so.
It still exists today, but it exists alongside the practice of open adoption.
The sealed records effectively prevent the adoptee and the biological parents from finding, or even knowing anything about each other (especially in the days before the Internet).
An adoption of an older child who already knows his or her biological parent(s) cannot be made closed or secret.
This used to be the most traditional and popular type of adoption, peaking in the decades of the post-World War II Baby Scoop Era.